Women empowerment essay
Table of Contents
Women empowerment essay –
In democratic governance, women and men have been given equal rights.
So that the overall development of the nation and society can take place.
Even in the ancient Vedic period,
there is mention of many learned women like Gargi, Maitreya, Madalsa etc.
The history is witness to the bravery of heroines Lakshmi Bai, Ahilyabai, Durgavati in the freedom struggle.
Women have played an important role in India’s freedom movement.
The names of Kasturba Gandhi, Indira Gandhi, Vijay Lakshmi Pandit, Sarojini Naidu, Smt. Kamla Devi Chattopadhyay, Rajkumari Amrit Kaur etc. are noteworthy.
To improve the miserable condition of women during the British rule, Raja Rammohan Roy, Ishwar Chand Vidyasagar,
Keshavchand Sen, Dayanand Saraswati, Jyoti Rao Phule, Maharishi Arvind etc. made tireless efforts for the upliftment of women.
So that women empowerment is encouraged.
Today in independent India, women are coming forward in every field.
In fields like farms, factories, in labor work and in business sectors, doctors, engineers, police officers,
administrative services, in industries, education, knowledge-science, journalism etc. are becoming increasingly strong.
Today there is talk of 33 percent reservation in political fields.
She is also adorning the posts like MLA, Minister, Chief Minister, Prime Minister, President etc.
Besides, they play an important role in raising children and taking care of the family.
In independent India,the following arrangements were mainly made to empower women:
1. Central Social Welfare Board was established for women’s welfare.
2. Opened many educational institutions for the education of girls and also gave them concessions in tuition fees in many states.
Opening of many adult education centers for women.
3. Polygamy among Hindus has been abolished by law.
Under normal circumstances, a man cannot marry again if his wife is alive.
4. By amending the Hindu succession rules,
provision has been made to give a share in the ancestral property to girls also.
5. A law has been made against the dowry system.
If a girl dies prematurely within a certain period of time after marriage,
there is a provision for special investigation.
6. Men and women are given equal pay for equal work.
7. The year 1978 was celebrated as ‘Women’s Year’ in the United Nations.
Its objective is to provide equal status to men and women in the society.
8. Muslim Women Act 86 was implemented whose main objective is to improve the economic, mental and social condition of Muslim women.
9. The objective of the Scheduled Castes and Scheduled Tribes Prevention of Atrocities Act 1987 and 1995 is to protect women of these castes from harassment.
Under this, there is a provision of five years imprisonment and fine.
There is also a provision to give compensation to the victimized women by the government.
10. The purpose of the Prohibition of Indecent Representation of Women Act, 1986 is to punish the depiction of a woman’s body or any part of it,
which is likely to cause pollution or damage to morality, and a fine of five years and a fine of Rs 2,000.
There is a provision for fine.
11. Under the Indian Penal Code 1860, some sections have been given for the benefit of women,
for violation of which the punishment is life imprisonment.
These sections are as follows-
(1) Section 376 Rape
(2) Section 354 Outraging the modesty of a woman
(3) Section 494 Jar Karma
(4) Section 498 Dowry harassment.
12. Sati Prevention Act 1987 came into force to abolish the practice of Sati.
Under this, a punishment of 6 months imprisonment and fine is imposed on the person giving encouragement.
13. In the Muslim Women Act 1986, Muslim women have been given the right to receive dowry amount and other property and for maintenance.
14. Immoral oppression of women and girls in 1956-1960, imprisonment for five years and fine of Rs 2000.
Provision for fine has been made.
15. Under the Criminal Procedure Code 1974,
there is a provision that if the court does not pay the maintenance amount to the wife,
the husband can be kept in jail until he pays the full amount.
16. Under the Maternity Benefit Act 1961, there is a provision to give leave and salary to pregnant women under maternity benefit.
If any organization or owner violates this, then one year imprisonment and Rs 5000. A fine of Rs.
Women In Chhattisgarh Empowerment
Women and Child Development Department has been formed to systematically implement
and accelerate the schemes and programs related to the all-round development and welfare of women and children.
Objectives of Women and Child Development Department:-
1. To improve the social, economic, health and nutritional status of women of the state.
2. To improve the physical, mental, intellectual development and health and nutritional status of women and to protect women from malnutrition.
3. To protect the constitutional interests of women.
4. To make women competent and aware to avail the benefits of laws and various schemes related to their welfare and safety.
The main objective of this Commission is to play the role of coordinator in the implementation of schemes related to the development of women and children for various departments in the state and to establish coordination in the implementation of women empowerment policy to empower and enable women.
State run schemes for women empowerment:-
1. Participation in Agriculture:-
To ensure the participation of women in the agriculture sector,
the Agriculture Department has made their presence necessary in the Agriculture Committee of the District Panchayat.
2. Midwife Incentive Scheme:-
For providing midwifery work in rural areas, Rs 250 per delivery will be given to the midwife.
Incentive amount is given at the rate of Rs. 1000
which is payable by the Collector on the recommendation of the Chief Medical Officer.
3. Mahila Samriddhi Yojana:-
This scheme has been implemented for Scheduled Tribe women so that women of this category can get self-employment.
Self-employment microcredit scheme has also been started for these women.
An individual-oriented scheme has been started to provide self-employment to backward class women.
In which bank loan of up to Rs 5 thousand at 6 percent interest amount to backward class women is approved by the District Level Selection Committee.
4.Inter-caste Award Incentive Scheme:-
Under this scheme, with the aim of eliminating caste discrimination and untouchability,
if an upper caste adult marries an inter-caste woman belonging to the Scheduled Caste category,
then such a couple will be given a cash award of Rs 5,000,
a gold medal or Rs 1,000 and a certificate and a certificate. -Travel expenses are paid by the state.
5. Promotion of girl literacy:-
To make the girls of Scheduled Castes and Tribes literate – Free Uniform Supply Scheme (2 sets of uniforms every year) Saraswati Cycle Supply Scheme was started.
6. Arrival Allowance Scheme:-
On taking admission in the hostel, free text books are given by Rajiv Gandhi Education Mission to the Scheduled Caste and Scheduled Tribe girl students from class 9 to 10.
To provide accommodation with all facilities to the girls of remote areas,
the Mission has started Kasturba Gandhi Girls Residential School in which these girls can study and become competent.
(7) Adopted daughter scheme:-
Poor girls are given admission in school by capable persons and social service organizations and are given fees
and book assistance every year to the girls studying in primary school.
(8) Chhattisgarh Poor Girls Mass Marriage Scheme: –
Under this, this scheme was started to overcome the financial difficulties related to marriage of the poor families of the state.
There is a provision to give an amount of Rs 1,000,00 per girl for organizing a mass marriage of two girls above 18 years of age.
(9) National Bravery Award:-
National Bravery Award in the year 2004 gives Rs 200 to the girls who show bravery during their school education.
Rs 500 per month at school level and Rs 500 at college level.
Scholarship amount is payable every month.
Mahila Samriddhi Schemes:-
1) Mahila Samriddhi Yojana:-
For this, under the loan scheme of Chhattisgarh Mahila Kosh, loans are given to Chhattisgarh women self-help groups at the rate of annual simple interest.
(1) 5.5 percent from the fund to voluntary organization.
(2) 6.5 from the fund to the self-help group.
(3) 6.5 percent loan is given to self-help groups by voluntary organizations.
(2) Griha Lakshmi Yojana –
Women living below the poverty line in rural areas are given gas stoves and cylinders.
(3) Nirmala Ghat Scheme:-
Separate ghats are made for women in every village.
(4) Ayushmati Yojana:-
Under this – Rs 400 for the treatment of women living below the poverty line.
And in case of hospitalization for more than 1 week, Rs 1000 is payable.
For Rajnandgaon and Ambikapur city,
women living in slums are provided the facility of special supplementary food and vaccination under the Special Nutritional Diet Programme.
(5) Kishore Shakti Yojana:-
This scheme has been started by the Women and Child Development Department to provide information about the changes taking place in girls between 11 to 14 years of age in the entire Chhattisgarh and to give information regarding self-reliance and health,
to increase self-confidence. .
(6) Women Awareness Camps:-
Women Awareness Camps are organized at Gram Panchayat, District and District level.
Their objective is to make women aware of legal rights and provisions and to make them aware, active and aware of social evils by giving information about various schemes related to it.
Matri Kutir Yojana and Government Jhula Ghar schemes have also been started for destitute women in Rajnandgaon, Bilaspur, Raipur areas.
So that they can do employment without any worries. Balwadi Sanskar Kendra has been opened for the children of laborers and backward class women and
Nari Niketan has been opened for helpless women.
Under the Sukhad Sahara Yojana for destitute widows and abandoned women in urban areas,
such women will be given Rs 150.
Are given every month.
(7) Chhattisgarh Tonhi Harassment Prevention Act 2005:-
To stop the harassment of women by identifying them as Tonhi and this Act has been implemented to eradicate social evil.
(8) Chhattisgarh Dowry Prohibition Act 2004 has been implemented:-
Prohibition officers have been nominated in all the districts of Chhattisgarh.
A budget provision of Rs 14 lakh has also been kept for the promotion of dowry prohibition.
Child protection homes have been opened for girls in Bilaspur and Raipur.
(9) Swayam Siddha Women Empowerment Programme: –
To make women economically and socially self-reliant, 100 women’s self-groups have been formed in 117 development blocks with the approval of the Government of India.
Various training and other activities are being conducted to make the group self-reliant.
To protect women from harassment, the State Women’s Commission has also provided help and treatment to the victimized women along with creating public awareness.
FIR to the victimized women.
Information is being given without giving information about the process of registration.
A happy state cannot be imagined.
Women can be empowered only when they have complete knowledge of their rights.
The first objective of the Women’s Commission is to protect the constitutional interests of women.
This is the first episode of harassment/crime related to women.
Filing an FIR in the police station –
FIR i.e. FIR. The process for registration is as follows:-
The victimized woman/person shall submit a written complaint to the police station in-charge in whose jurisdiction the crime has taken place.
This First Information Report (FIR), which is provided for in Section 154, if it is made orally if the person is illiterate,
then it will be read out and the gist of the information will be recorded in the prescribed register / daily diary / station diary.
And a copy of that FIR will be given to the applicant free of cost. F.I. R. A copy of which will be given to the Magistrate.
If the police station in-charge hesitates in writing the complaint,
a complaint can be made in writing to the Superintendent of Police or the Magistrate of the jurisdiction in which the police station falls.
Women have been given protection even during arrest and there are special provisions for this –
(a) Women will not be allowed to be arrested between sunset and sunrise.
Cannot be pre-arrested.
(b) The police officer should not touch the woman during arrest.
(c) It is necessary to immediately send women to judicial custody in bailable cases and in non-bailable cases.
(d) The arrested woman should be kept in a room in which any of her relatives can see her.
(e) The search of the woman should be done by a female employee keeping in mind the decency.
(g) Medical examination of women should be done by a registered woman doctor.
Flirting with a woman in private, making lewd jokes, talking obscenely on the phone,
violating her privacy or forcing her against her will is a crime under law.
Sexual harassment of a woman or adolescent girl by warning/threatening harmful consequences is also illegal.
Minimum Wages Act 1948:-
Every woman has the right to equal pay for equal work.
Under no circumstances will his working hours exceed 6 am to 7 pm.
While working as a labourer, he will be made to work as per his capacity.
Protection of Women from Domestic Violence Act 2005:-
To protect the rights of women who are victims of any kind of domestic violence within the family,
this Act has been implemented in Chhattisgarh from 26 October 2006.
This law prohibits physical or sexual harassment of women,
Threatening, assault, abuse, forced sexual intercourse, showing obscene pictures or films,
all such obscene behavior
which is sexually motivated or demand of sexual favors or favors is sexual harassment.
Provisions have been made in this Bill to protect those who are insulted, threatened
or warned of harmful consequences by showing fear of health or safety.
Besides, economic and social oppression is also included within the scope of the law.
Children also come under the purview of the law for dowry.
There is also a provision for punishment for harassing or misbehaving with mother, sister, wife or any widow or unmarried partner.
In this crime of domestic violence, a jail term of one year or a fine of Rs 20,000 or both can be imposed.
Establishment of State Women’s Commission and Social Welfare Advisory Board:-
For the purpose of women empowerment, hearing of complaints and review of women welfare schemes etc. is done in Madhya Pradesh.
Chhattisgarh State Women Commission has also been constituted under the State Women Commission Act 1995.
Similarly, a Social Welfare Board has also been constituted in the state to administer the grant schemes of the Central Social Welfare Board,
which works for the empowerment of women through its various schemes,
so that they can strengthen the country by becoming an equal unit of democracy.
Departmentally recognized voluntary organizations come forward for the empowerment of women.
They can also be encouraged by the government by giving them grants.
To empower them, these organizations open and operate sewing and embroidery training centers and through them.
Women are encouraged to come forward by organizing many cooking camps and programs.
For women empowerment, it is necessary to stop alcohol consumption and drug abuse because:-
alcoholism is also a social evil.
The number of people consuming alcohol is increasing.
For a poor country like India, this bad habit is destroying families.
Due to this bad habit, the mentality of Indian people is being adversely affected and the number of crimes is increasing.
The efforts made by Gandhiji to eradicate this evil are noteworthy.
It was the result of his education that opposition to alcohol consumption has also been included under the Directive Principles of State Policy in Part Four of the Indian Constitution.
In order to effectively eliminate this defect, a Prohibition Inquiry Committee was appointed in 1954.
The recommendation of this committee was accepted in 1956 and the Lok Sabha passed a proposal to include it in the development work of the country.
All five year plans laid emphasis on prohibition of alcohol.
States have imposed controls on alcohol consumption.
The government is boldly trying to eradicate drug abuse crimes.
But such evil can be removed through public awareness and promotion of education.
It is very sad that apart from alcohol consumption, smack, brown sugar, hashish etc.
have also become prevalent in the country.
These addictions are ruining families and destroying the health of everyone, big or small.
Now, without further delay, we should make a concerted effort to free our society from these vices and punish those who encourage them.
Awareness should be created among the general public about how the habit of drug abuse and alcohol consumption makes the family poorer and degrades health.
And create character weaknesses.
Which leads to serious crimes.
In many towns of Chhattisgarh, conscious women are continuously trying to get country liquor shops closed.