What is phrase , examples, noun phrase

What is phrase

What is phrase


निम्नलिखित वाक्यों को देखो –

1. Ram is running.

2. A boy is running.

3. A black dog is running.

4. A tall young boy in blue shirt is running.

5. I am running.

सभी वाक्यों में रेखांकित शब्द/ शब्द समूह/ पद Noun (संज्ञा) का काम कर रहे हैं। ये Noun phrase (संज्ञा पद) हैं।

जिस प्रकार एक Noun (संज्ञा), subject (कर्त्ता), object (कर्म), complement (पूरक) इत्यादि का काम करता है,

उसी प्रकार Noun phrase भी वही कार्य करता है।

[ध्यान रखें, Pronoun) (सर्वनाम) भी Noun phrase ही होता है।]

1. My father wrote a letter. (NP obj.)

2. My father is a doctor. (NP compl.)

3. My father is sleeping. (NP sub.)

इसी प्रकार, जो शब्द / शब्द समूह Adjective (विशेषण), Verb (क्रिया) या Adverb (क्रिया विशेषण) का कार्य करें, वे क्रमश: Adjective phrase (Adj. P), Verb phrase (VP), Adverb phrase (Adv.P.) कहलाते हैं।

Preposition से प्रारम्भ होने वाले शब्द/शब्द समूह Preposition phrase (Prep. P.) कहलाते हैं,

परन्तु साथ ही यदि वे Adverb का कार्य करें तो Adverb phrase (Adv. P.) भी कहला सकते हैं।

जैसे- 1. My servant is honest. (Adj.P.)

2. My servant is very honest. (Adj. P.)

3. She is a teacher. (VP)

4. She works in an office. (VP)

5. She has been working for two hours. (VP)

6. The train runs fast. (Adv. P.)

7. The train runs very fast. (Adv. P.)

8. He goes to Delhi. (Prep. P.)

9. He is sitting under a big tree. (Prep. P.)

10. He works at night. (Prep. P.)

यदि आप parts of speech के स्थान पर इन phrases को समझ लें तो अंग्रेजी सीखने के बहुत सुविधा हो जाए,

क्योंकि वाक्य phrases के सहारे ही आगे बढ़ता है, जैसे –


1. He/writes.


2. He/writes/ a letter.

NP  VP  NP  Prep. p.  Prep. p.

3. His younger brother/writes/a letter/to his brother/in the morning.

NP VP  Prep. p  Prep. p.  NP

4. She/is cooking/delicious dishes/in the kitchen/with her sister.

NP VP Adv.P.  Prep.P

5. He/works/ honestly/ in the office.

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